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weapons, and treating peoples fairly

The Paris conference and the end of the Cold War, which was held from November 19-22, 1990, fifteen years after the Helsinki conference, which officially and practically marked the end of the Cold War between the two Western camps

And eastern.

At that time, the first mention of a new international order that should be established was made by the then president of the United States George H. W. Bush on January 24, 1990 from the podium of the US Congress, during his annual traditional speech, and the most important thing he said was American, as the century that preceded it - the twentieth century - was an American Century& he revealed a new international order in the process of formation, then he referred to it in another incident during the invasion of Iraq Kuwait on the second of August, 1990 in a speech to the American nation, a week after Iraq invaded Kuwait, as he spoke about condemning the decision of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait about the idea of a new era a new era of freedom, a time of peace for all peoples.

A little more than a month later, on September 11, 1990, he referred to the establishment of a new world order that would be free from terrorism, effective in the search for justice, and more secure in the search for Peace, an era in which

All the nations of the world, west, east, north and South, may enjoy prosperity and live in harmony.

The United States took advantage of the Gulf crisis at its beginning during Iraq's invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, and wanted to gesture and disclose a new international order that it wants and seeks to serve its interests, a system, as Bush Sr. said at the time, based on

Peaceful settlement of disputes, international solidarity in the face of aggression and action to reduce

Stockpiling and controlling weapons, and treating peoples fairly.

On January 17, 1991, from the podium of the meeting hall of the legislative body of the U.S. House of Representatives, President Bush again announced the beginning of the new world order in the form of the Order, not the System, because coercion, order, and guidance, and immediately after the end of the second Gulf War and the exit of Iraqi forces from Kuwait on the first of March, 1991, President Bush stood up to announce to the world the birth of the new international system, and American officials also followed him, and then the book dealt with him, and the most prominent of them was the American writer of nationality Japanese origin Francis Fukuyama in his book &;the end of historiography&; 1993, depicting the defeat of the communist system and the predominance of the capitalist system and its sovereignty over the world, ushering in the existence of a system

Then the Arab writers reproduced it in their writings so that it seemed as if the world was really living and living for a moment

The new international or the new world order.

The second requirement: the form of the new system

Although the concept of the post-Cold War international order has been likened or surrounded by

The ambiguity, however, this ambiguity and difference was not caused by the new difference that

The majority of writers and thinkers agree on the ambiguity of the term new international order and indicate many interpretations of it, even its advocates within the United States disagree about it, for example (Lawrence eagleberger, former US Deputy Secretary of State said &;I can't describe to you what it will look like

Zbigniew Brzezinski, President Carter's national security adviser, said: 

I really know what this term means

The British MP Denis (Healey) from the Labor Party said:&; the new international order is born in the womb of lies, the economic historian (John Kenneth Galbraith) said:&; the international system in circulation these days is just meaningless talk&;, while Edward Shevardnadze, who was the Foreign Minister of the Soviet Union before its collapse, said:&; he belongs to a country that failed in fulfilling her ambition to create a new human being and a new way of Life

By extrapolating the literature of international relations on the concept and nature of the current international system since the end of the Cold War, there is agreement on the depth and importance of the end of the Cold War and its impact on the current international system and pushing it in its new direction, referring to the transformations and developments that have made it new as a concept